Predator vs. Prey

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Outdoor activity used to show first hand how biodiversity and adaptations are used to survive in the wild. 

Go outside to an open field or parking lot, preferably somewhere flat. Then divide the children into 4 groups with some distinct marker for each (bandana, pennies, etc...) 


Predator- tag/eat the prey to survive              prey- avoid the predators to survive.

2 Phenotypes- Fit and Less Fit   Even numbers of each initially, then the second round directly depends on how many and which of the phenotypes.  Once a student is gone they are put back in as the fit phenotype.

Structural Adaptations:

Seperate into 2 groups, Prey and Predators.  Then seperate each of the groups into two more groups.  One group in Prey and one in Predators can only move with one leg, hopping.  While the other two groups can just be normal and run.  Record the numbers of each group, should be pretty even. Now the Predators have to "catch" the prey, just by tagging them and once they do that they move on to the next round and can leave the "environment" and have a minute or less to do so. Once the minute is up, stop.  All the remaining predators "died" while the remaining prey "survived".  Then all the remaining prey that was caught is put back into the game and can use both feet.  All the predators that "died" are put back in able to use both of their feet (imitate reproduction, survival of the fittest).  Everyone left should probably be on their 2 feet and show the fluctuating of current predator prey experiences and how species today interact and are able to survive.

Physiological Adaptations:

Fit- as many steps   Less Fit- 30 steps for both predators and prey

Follow the same steps as above.


Key terms: Physiological activites, Structural adaptations, biodiversity, and other important terms.  Hereditary can even be added to the lesson plan.


Sammy the Sturgeon's Get Outdoors & Buckle Up in Your Truck Program developed and maintained in conjunction with:
Tennessee Tech UniversityTennessee Wildlife Resources AgencyGovernor's Highway Safety OfficeTennessee Department of SafetyTennessee Coordinated School Health